Type of Fires

Type of Fire A B C D E
Type Solid Liquid Gas Metal Electric
Sample of Flammable Wood, Paper Fuel Oil, Thinner, Cologne Methane, Propane, LPG Magnesium, Aluminium, Sodium Electric
Method of Extingaushing Cooling, Inhibition Inhibition, Choking, Cooling, Choking Energy cutting Inhibition Cooling Inhibition


Energy Cutting
Extinguisher Selection Water, ABC Dry Chemical Powder, Foam, Bioversal Water, BC Dry Chemical Powder, Foam, Bioversal, CO2 ABC Dry Powder, BC, CO2 D Powder Fire Extinguisher ABC Dry Powder , Halocarbon Gas Extinguisher


Actions to be Taken In Case of a Fire

  • Immediately dial 1122 and provide information, clearly and calmly, as to:
  • The address of the fire
  • Burning equipment
  • Location of the fire at the building
  • Whether there are any person(s) trapped by the fire.


  • Press the closest fire alarm button without panic.
  • Walk away from the scene of the fire quickly without running.
  • If exposed to intensive smoke or heat, walk on your knees if necessary to avoid being effected by the heat and smoke.
  • If the fire is in a size that you can respond to, use the extinguishers placed in the nearest fire cabinet, without putting yourself in danger

If your clothes catch on fire,

  • Do not panic.
  • If possible, take your burning clothes off.
  • If you cannot take your clothes off, quickly apply the STOP-DROP-RULE.

If the fire is in a floor below you;

  • NEVER go out to unprotected corridors and landings as the escape route may be covered in smoke and extremely hot.
  • Leave the building immediately, if there is a safe escape route.

If you are unable to do these;

  • Prevent inflow of smoke to your area by sealing off door and window frames using wet cloth or packaging tape.
  • Remove inflammable equipment away from your vicinity.

If the fire is in the floor above you;

  • Check whether the stairwell is filled with smoke.
  • If there is no smoke, leave the building carefully and quickly.
  • Use emergency exit doors.
  • Do not use the elevators at all costs.
  • Gather in the pre-determined assembly area.

If the fire is on your floor but in a different room, before entering the room

  • Check if there is any smoke coming out from under the door and door frame.
  • Using the back of your hand, check whether or not the surface of the door got heated (if there is fire inside the closed room, opening the door may cause an explosion).
  • Close all the doors in the flat to prevent the fire from spreading and go outside if you can.
  • If you cannot go outside, go to the room in the furthest corner in the opposite direction of the fire and show yourself to fire fighters in front of the window.


If you realize that your clothes are on fire, shout for help.

STOP: If you run, the oxygen in the air will cause flames to increase.

DROP: If you remain standing, flames will quickly rise up.

ROLL: Roll until flames extinguish.

How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

Break the seal of the fire extinguisher

Pull the safety pin from the handle.

Aim the extinguisher nozzle or hose at the base of the fire.

Squeeze and release the lever regularly.